Ingólfur Arnarson together with his wife Hallveig were one of the early permanent settlers who arrived in Iceland in the year 874 AD. Before Ingólfur came to Iceland he had become involved in a blood feud in his homeland. As a result of this he and his step brother Hjörleifur Hróðmarsson left Norway to seek new land to start a new life.
When his ship arrived before the coast of Iceland he threw, according to Norwegian custom, two richly carved pillars (Öndvegissúlur) with pagan imagery into the sea. The carvings had the family name and a special emblem. On it were also representations of Viking gods, particularly one they were most fond of and had allegiance to. The gods would decide the area for him to settle permanently. He swore an oath to settle and build his farmstead close to the spot the pillars were washed ashore. These high pillars were meant to stand at the sides of the chieftain throne. Ingólfur first came ashore at what was subsequently known as Ingólfshöfði, and raised his first dwelling where he spent the winter.
Somewhat to the west his good friend Hjörleifur had started to settle. He got into trouble when his Irish slaves rebelled to his leadership. The body of Hjörleifur was found by Karli and Vífil who were searching for the two pillars. They reported back to Ingólfur, and he reacted with anger. He set up a search party and followed the Irish slaves back to the Vestmannaeyjar archipel (Westman Islands). On Heimay island the fugitive slaves were killed one by one, thereby saving all the women who were held captive by them. One of which was his sister Helga who had been married to his friend Hjörleifur. Ingólfur and his people moved to a new place at Hjörleifshöfði, were his former friend had settled first.
Ingólfur's two pillars found
The next winter Ingólfur's people moved again to the west and stayed their at Fjallstún. Eventually they got close to the spot the pillars were finally found in 877 AD. The location was in Flaxa bay, although the slaves did not find it a suitable place, Ingólfur remained firm to build his new and final farmstead here. He was very happy that the pillars had been found, and gave Karli and Vífil back their freedom with some land on which to settle their farms. Close to the spot were the pillars had been found hot steam was coming to the surface from the geothermal springs. Because of this natural phenomena he called the new area 'steam bay' or Reykjavik.
Ingólfur claimed all the land between the river Botnsá in Hvalfjörður in the west to the river Ölfusá in the east. He was eventually buried on the Inghóll hill close to the mountain of Ingólfsfjall. His descendants continued to live at his farmstead in Reykjavík and his son Þorsteinn Ingólfsson became a major chieftain afterwards. He was one of the leading advocates for establishing the first thing at Kjalarnes. It is assumed that the original farmstead was close to the Tjörnin lake, over the years this place has moved more inland.
Ingólfur is a chieftain with primary skills in livestock and hunting. He has good organizational skills and a devoted attitude towards the Viking pagan religion.
The possessions of this historic character are not extensive, he has two small karve ship (2 karve ship cards) and a small number of thralls (2x warband thrall card of 10). He owns 40 silver and has an income of 5 silver. He also possesses some livestock, crops and lumber (20 resources of each).
- Ingólfr Arnarson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Settlement of Iceland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Ingólfur Arnarson, de eerste vaste bewoner van IJsland
* An estimate of his year of birth and death has been made according to his family members. He must have been 30-40 years old when he had his son Þorsteinn who was over 55 when he died.
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