The drakkar class longship was the most prestigious Viking warship. The drakkar was big with sizes up to 50 metres in length. Fitted with both sails and oars, a drakkar could have up to 35 pairs of oars, allowing it to travel with speed utilising any propulsion method. The drakkar was capable of carrying a large cargo, which was beneficial on large scale raids, where the Vikings could take as much treasure home as possible. The ships was thought to have carried a crew of around 80 Vikings. The scale and size of the drakkar also allowed the Viking raids to travel further afield. The larger cargo holds meant the journeys across the oceans would be feasible compared to the smaller ship classes.
The drakkar would have a animal head typically a dragon or serpent head stem on the bow. In some cases the animal design would have moved down to the stern as well, with a matching animal tail. This drakkar design was thought to be reserved for the largest ship in the Viking fleets, the flagships that would head up the landing parties and raids. It’s thought that the name originated from this, when the raid subjects would spot the dragons ships off the shorelines, and fear would likely strike them.
A table for sea traveling is presented below. It takes into account the number and type of crew members, the time of day and the weather conditions. The travel distance is mostly 1, 2 or 7 nodes depending on the amount of cargo.
|Vessel||crew||cargo||distance per day (km)||nodes (max)|
|type of effect||half full||full||heavy rain / snow||heavy storm / blizzard||dusk||night|
|cargo effects||-1 nodes||-2 nodes|
|weather effects||-2 nodes||-3 nodes|
|time of day effects||-1 nodes||-2 nodes|